Cramping or aching in your legs and raised and swollen veins in your skin are just some of the symptoms of having varicose veins. If not treated properly, this condition can worsen and lead to ulcer, blood clots, and sometimes even varicose eczema. For these not to happen, you can undergo a varicose vein treatment or be treated with lifestyle changes or medical procedures. These treatments aim to improve the appearance of your skin, prevent complications, and relieve symptoms.
Some physicians may advise lifestyle changes if the varicose veins are only causing few and tolerable symptoms. However, if the symptoms are already severe, your doctor may advise you to undergo a varicose vein treatment.
Lifestyle changes are advised to stop the varicose veins from developing. These changes can also delay other varicose veins from forming and reduce pain. Here are some of the lifestyle changes that your doctor may advise you to do:
- Avoid wearing tight clothes – tight clothes contribute to the development of varicose veins. If possible, avoid wearing tight-fitting undergarments and clothing, especially in the waist, legs, and groin areas.
- Avoid wearing tight clothes heels for long hours – instead of high heels go for lower heeled shoes as they can help tone your calf muscles and then result to improving the blood flow in your veins.
- Avoid standing or sitting for long periods of hours – inactivity can cause problems in your health. So take a break every once in a while even if it means just having a short stroll from your seat to the office cafeteria.
- Avoid crossing your legs when sitting – if possible keep your legs raised while sitting.
- Try to lose weight – this is especially if you’re overweight or obese. Losing weight can ease the pressure on your veins and improve blood flow.
- Try different physical activities – improve muscle tone by getting your legs moving. This helps blood to properly flow through your veins.
These lifestyle changes may not always work, especially if the patient is already experiencing severe symptoms of varicose veins. If this is the case, your doctor will then advise you to undergo varicose vein treatments that will close or remove veins. These procedures or treatments are:
Laser Surgery – this procedure involves applying of the light energy from a laser onto varicose veins. It can make the swollen veins fade away and remove smaller varicose veins. Laser Surgery doesn’t involve any injection of chemicals or cutting.
Sclerotherapy – this procedure closes off a varicose vein by using a liquid chemical. After injecting the chemical, it will cause irritation and scarring inside the vein. It will then cause the varicose vein to close off, and eventually fade away. Sclerotherapy is applicable for cases involving smaller varicose veins. The procedure can be done while you stand. Several treatments may still be needed to completely close off veins.
Endovenous Ablation Therapy – it uses radio waves or lasers to close off varicose veins. Your physician will make a small cut near the varicose vein and then he will insert a small tube called a catheter into the veins. The tip of the catheter will then heat up the inside of the vein to close it off. During the procedure, you’ll be awake during but the doctor will numb the area around the vein.
Vein Stripping and Ligation – this is done when a patient has a severe case of varicose veins. Through small cuts in your skin, you doctor will tie shut and remove the veins. You’ll be prescribed with medicine to momentarily put you to sleep so you will not feel any pain during the procedure.
For questions about varicose veins treatment, go ahead and visit Vascular and Interventional Centre today.